EDIT: For a more current list of reference materials about black soldier flies and larvae please visit our forum topic – Knowledge base
Here are some random links on the subject of black soldier flies and larvae. I would appreciate it if you would contact me if you notice a nonfunctional link. Thanks.
BioSystems Design -Compiled Research On Best Cultivation Practices – Great statistical data
BioSystems Design LLC. is dedicated to the transformation of what was previously considered waste into valuable products. Our institutional knowledge and designs are based on nature, as nature is the premier designer of BioSystems that use waste as production inputs.
A Proposal for the Elimination of Landfill in Vietnam – by Dr. Paul Olivier
But more than half of the weight reporting to landfill in Vietnam consists of food waste, a waste that up until now offers no economic benefit to scavengers. But all of this is set to change with the development and manufacture in Vietnam of a process and apparatus that transforms food waste into high-value feed products.
LARRY NEWTON, CRAIG SHEPPARD, D. WES WATSON, GARY BURTLE, ROBERT DOVE
Previously reported work has shown that black soldier flies (Hermetia illuscens) are effective in reducing the mass as well as the nutrient and moisture content of hen manure. Preliminary results from using the black soldier fly to digest swine manure solids suggested that the system could be even more effective for swine manure. A small scale system for digesting swine manure solids, harvested by a belt beneath a slatted floor holding pigs, was installed and tested. Manure mass was reduced 56% while the concentrations of most elements and nutrients were reduced 40 to 55 %. Nutrient analyses and feeding studies indicate that dried black soldier fly prepupae grown on swine manure solids have value as a feedstuff, particularly for aquaculture. In a pot study, plant growth was increased when the digested manure residue was added to either a clay soil or clean sand.
Phounvisouk Latsamy and T R Preston
According to Akasay (1994), potential sources of “natural” feeds that could be cultivated as feed for frogs are fly larvae, earthworms, termites, duckweeds and snails. Earthworms are appropriate elements in systems of recycling live stock manure (Bay, 2002), as they are more suitable than biodigesters when the manure is derived from rabbits and goats (Preston and Rodríguez, No date). Earthworms are high in protein and would thus appear to be suitable components in a feeding system for frogs.
Fly larvae have been recommended as feed for frogs by Sheppard (No date), as they are rich in both fat and protein (Khan et al 1999).
The objectives of the study were to compare the growth of frogs fed with fly larvae or earth worms as part of an integrated farming system. The hypothesis was that frogs can grow at acceptable rates when their diet is composed primarily of earthworms or fly larvae.
Beneficials in the Garden – Candice Hawkinson
About 120,000 different species of flies annoy folks around the world. They are found everywhere including the Antarctica. Sometimes it is hard to remember that flies are an integral part of our ecosystems.
Flies can be beneficial and necessary, aiding in controlling other insect pests, acting as pollinators, recyclers and scavengers, and they are also a part of the food chain. Remember only bees (and a few wasps) pollinate more plants than flies.
The multi-beneficial black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) is probably the best-known member of the Stratiomyidae family in the Diptera order. Diptera is taken from the Greek “di,” which means two, and “ptera” meaning wings, as most flies only have two wings.
Tingle et al. (1975) described the black soldier fly mating behavior. Males were attracted to ”calling” females in the same ”resting” area and mating occurred on the ground with the male and female facing opposite directions. However, Copello (1926) noted that mating occurred during flight. We provide a description of the mating, which differs from that provided by Tingle et al. (1975), and lekking behaviors of the black soldier fly, which may be important to maintaining this natural waste management system.
G.L. Newton, D.C. Sheppard, and G.J. Burtle, University of Georgia
Most experimental Hermetia prepupae production has been done with manure as a feedstock, but they have also been produced on grain based diets and other organic products such as waste food including meats and dairy products unacceptable for vermiculture. The addition of fish offal to manure has been shown to increase the omega-3 fatty acid content of prepupae to approximately 3% (St-Hilaire et al. 2007b).
By D. C. Sheppard, Ph.D.
Little is known about adult biology. The only adults commonly seen are newly emerged adults and ovipositing females. Eggs are laid in batches of about 500 in dry cracks or crevices above the chosen larval media Other adults apparently live in a wild environment and their habits are largely unknown. They do not try to enter houses and are usually not a problem. In 15 years of investigating this insect, I can remember only one complaint about adults entering a residence.
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